In May 2013, Argentina presented a panel against the EU in the biodiesel dispute (DS459). In that case, there were certain restrictions on the import and marketing of biodiesel in Europe, as well as allegations that the European government was unduly subsidizing the domestic biodiesel industry.  In October 2016, the DSB ruled in Argentina`s favour and decided that anti-dumping duties should be reduced. The European Commission is in the process of adopting these proposals, but has so far faced strong opposition from europe`s leading biodiesel and oleo-oleoification producers. A decision is expected in September 2017.  An increase in imports justifying safeguards may become a real increase in imports (an absolute increase); or an increase in importance may occur in a declining market, even if the volume of imports has not increased (relative increase). The WTO agreement has been reinstalled. It prohibits grey zone measures and sets deadlines (a forfeiture clause) for all protection measures. The agreement stipulates that members must not seek, take or maintain voluntary export restrictions, orderly marketing agreements or similar measures on the export or import side. Bilateral measures that were not adapted to the agreement ended at the end of 1998. Countries were allowed to maintain one of these measures for an additional year (until the end of 1999), but only the European Union used this provision for restrictions on the import of motor vehicles from Japan. There are many ways to calculate whether a particular product is eliminated strongly or easily. The agreement limits the range of options available.
It proposes three methods for calculating the “normal value” of a product. The main one is based on the price in the exporter`s domestic market. If it is not possible to use it, there are two alternatives: the price charged by the exporter in another country or a calculation based on the combination of the exporter`s cost of production, other expenses and normal profit margins.